Development of the Squadron Formation

  The end of World War I saw Congress authorize 1,020 men for Marine aviation and the establishment of permanent air stations at Quantico, Parris Island and San Diego. The United States also embraced its role of global power and the Marine Corps became the preferred force for military intervention; where the Marines went, so went Marine aviation. During the Banana Wars, while fighting bandits and insurgents in places like Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua, Marine aviators began to experiment with air-ground tactics and making the support of their fellow Marines on the ground their primary mission. It was in Haiti that Marines began to develop the tactic of dive bombing and in Nicaragua where they began to perfect it. While other nations and services had tried variations of this technique, Marine Aviators were the first to embrace it and make it part of their tactical doctrine. Even prior to the events in the Caribbean – one can reach there if use online Orbitz coupon codes and book cheap tickets immediately, pioneering Marine aviators such as Alfred Cunningham had noted in 1920 that, the only excuse for Aviation in any service is its usefulness in assisting the troops on the ground to successfully carry out their missions.
   It was not until May 3, 1925 that the Marine Corps officially appeared in the Navy's Aeronautical Organization when Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, then Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics, issued a directive officially authorizing three fighting squadrons. Also taking place during the 1920s was that Marine squadrons began qualifying on board aircraft carriers. And in 1930s with the invention of an Osprey aircraft prototype predecessor huge reformations and air improvements took place. However, in terms of mission and training, the assignment of two Marine scouting squadrons as component units of the Pacific Fleet carriers would be one of the greatest advancements for Marine Aviation. Prior to this, Marine squadrons were loosely controlled with regard to doctrine and training. This assignment enabled nearly 60% of active duty aviators at the time to be exposed to a disciplined training syllabus under a clearly defined mission.
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